An ischemic stroke, cerebrovascular accident, or “brain attack” is a sudden loss of function resulting from disruption of the blood supply to a part of the brain.
Ischemic strokes are subdivided into five different types based on the cause: large artery thromboitic strokes, small penetrating artery thrombotic strokes, cardiogenic embolic strokes, cryptogenic strokes, and other. Large artery thrombotic strokes are caused by arhtherosclerosis plaques in the large blood vessels of the brain. Thrombus formation and occlusion at the site of the arthrosclerosis result in ischemia and infraction.
Small penetrating artery thrombotic strokes affect one or more vessels and are most common type of ischemic stroke. Small artery thrombotic strokes are also called lacunar strokes because of the cavity that is created after the death of infracted brain tissue.
Cardiogenic embolic strokes are associated with cardiac dysrythmias, usually atrial fibrillation. Embolic strokes can also be associated with valvular heart disease and thrombi in the left ventricle. Emboli originate from the heart and circulate to the cerebral artery, resulting in a stroke.
The last two classifications of ischemic strokes are cryptogenic strokes, which have no known cause, and strokes from other causes, such as illicit drug use, coaglulopathiies, migraine, and spontaneous dissection of the carotid or vertebral arteries.
Signs and symptoms of ischemic stroke
Stroke symptoms are usually sudden and abrupt. The clinical features depend on the brain area infracted. Common symptoms include:
- Visual field loss
- Hemisensory loss
- Ataxia and incoordination
All patients with ischemic stroke should have blood for fasting lipid profile, RPR, BUN, creatinine, CBC, and platelets, PT, PIT, an, INR.
Hypercoagulability profile, including protein C , protein S, antithrombin lll, factor V, factor ll, lupus anticoagulant, antiphospholipid antibodies, and homocysteine should be requested in young patients.
Serial blood cultures should be sent when infective endocarditis is suspected.
Imaging studies mainly include:
Chest X-ray, CT scan, MRI of the brain, MR angiography, transthoracic echocardiogram, angiography, and ultrasound, some special tests mainly includes ECG, and cardiac ministering to evaluate for arrhythmias.
Homeopathic remedies for the management of ischemic stroke
Homeopathy is one of the most popular holistic systems of medicine. The selection of remedy is based upon the theory of individualization and symptoms similarity by using holistic approach. This is the only way through which a state of complete health can be regained by removing all the sign and symptoms from which the patient is suffering. The aim of homeopathy is not only to treat ischemic stroke symptoms but to address its underlying cause and individual susceptibility. As far as therapeutic medication is concerned, several remedies are available to treat ischemic stroke symptoms that can be selected on the basis of cause, sensations and modalities of the complaints. For individualized remedy selection and treatment, the patient should consult a qualified homeopathic doctor in person. There are following remedies which are helpful in the treatment of ischemic stroke symptoms:
Aconite, Anacardium, Baryta Carb, Belladonna, Bryonia, Cocculus Indica, Gelsemium, ipecauc, Lachesis, Nux Vomica, Opium, Crataegus Oxyacantha, Digitalis, Kalmia, Lithium Carb, Naja, Rhus Tox, Spigelia, Spongia, Arnica Montana, Arsenic Iod, Baryta Carb, Calcaria Carb, Cuprum Met, Gloninum, Kali Carb, Secale Cor, Graphites, and many other medicines.