The word Diabetes “to pass through” was first used by the Greek Apollonius of Memphis in 250 BCE, whereas, Type I/II was first described by Indian physicians Shusruta and Charaka in 400-500 CE. The first clinical description was given by the ancient Greek physician, Aretaeus of Cappadocia. Diabetes mellitus can be defined as a group of metabolic disorders in which there is a hyperglycemic condition over a long period.
Type‑I is characterized by loss of insulin producing β‑cells of islets of Langerhans in the pancreas, leading to insulin deficiency. In further classification, the sub type IA is due to T-cell mediated autoimmune destruction of the β‑cells and type IB is where β‑cell destruction occurs due to an unknown cause.
In Type II, β‑cells release insulin but abnormalities or absence of insulin receptors in the target cells, causes insulin resistance resulting in hyperglycemia. It also occurs due to some genetic and metabolic syndromes.
Gestational diabetes is the third form in which the pregnant woman without the H/O diabetes develops hyperglycemia.
Maturity onset diabetes mellitus in the young (MODY) is characterized by autosomal dominant inheritance and involves early onset of diabetes and impairment of insulin secretion.
In acute cases, the symptoms include excessive thirst (polydipsia), excessive hunger (polyphagia), excessive micturition (polyuria), and weight loss. In long standing cases, the additional symptoms include fatigue, weakness, irritability, and tickling and pricking sensation of the skin with genital itching.
Homoeopathic approach to treatment of diabetes mellitus:
According to homoeopathic guidelines, the patient is to be treated, not the disease. In the case of DM our objective should be to treat the patient not the organ. Constitutional treatment is the only way to treat diabetes, along with proper management, like healthy and reduced stress life style, calorie intake‑output balance, and regular exercise.
Those patients with a family history of sycotic and syphilitic background along with psora in their base are more prone to develop diabetes. The family history, past history, and history of present complaints of the patient should be taken into consideration while treating the case of diabetes mellitus.
The aim of our treatment should be to prevent the further destruction of the β cells, to ensure that all the vital organs are working at optimum level, and to minimize complications. It has been observed that if proper homoeopathic treatment can be administered to those parents whose offspring have a greater chance to develop diabetes mellitus, the risk of developing the disease can be reduced drastically.
The above discussed miasmatic cleavage and the family history should be taken into consideration during the selection of simillimum. Moreover, there are many drugs in our materia medica which have been found very useful in the treatment of diabetes mellitus. For example:
- Diabetes with ulceration-Syzygium jambolinum
- Diabetes with gout-Lactic acid
- Diabetes with motor paralysis and rapid growth-Curare
- Diabetes with gangrene-Arsenicum album
- Diabetes with assimilated disorder-Uranium nitricum
- Diabetes with large quantity of urine of low specific gravity- Rhus aromatic
- Diabetes with oedema of lower extremities, urine scanty of high specific gravity- Strychninum ars
- Diabetes with rapid course- Morphine
- Diabetes with nervous weakness, apathetic condition, general weakness- Acid phos
- Diabetes with general debility, recurrent boils with much itching- Cephalandra ind
- Diabetes with dryness of mouth, frequent urination at night, weakness after passing urine, pruritus vulvae without eruptions- Gymnema syl
- Diabetes with impotency- Coca
- Diabetes with debility- Opium
- Diabetes with melancholia, emaciation, thirst, restlessness- Helonius
- Diabetes with albuminuria- Urea pura
- Diabetes with tongue dry, red and cracked- Boricum acidum
- Diabetes with pain in testicles- Lycopus virginicus
- Diabetes with marasmus, mental and physical debility- Glycerinum
- Diabetes with pain in kidney, urine hot, thick, much sediment, difficult micturition- Tarantula c
- Diabetes with persistent skin manifestations- Insulinum
- Diabetes with semi paralysis of bladder- Codeinum
Diabetes has been represented well in many of our homoeopathic repertories, mostly under the rubric URINE, sugar.
- Poretsky L. Principles of diabetes mellitus.2nd ed. New York: Springer; 2009.
- Bradley BJ, Haskins K, La Rosa FG, Lafferty KJ. CD8 T cells are not required for islet destruction induced by a CD4+ islet-specific T-cell clone. 1992;41:1603–1608. [PubMed]
- Hahnemann, Samuel. The chronic diseases. Their peculiar nature and their homoeopathic cure: NCBA publishers 2007
- Colledge, N. R., Walker, B. R., Ralston, S., & Davidson, S. (2010). Davidson’s principles and practice of medicine. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone/Elsevier.
- Zandvoort, R. (1996). The complete repertory. Leidschendam: Institute for Research on Homeopathic Information and Symptomatology.
- Clarke, J. (1991). Dictionary of practical materia medica. Sittingbourne: Homoeopathic Book Service.
- Boericke, W. (2007). Pocket manual of homeopathic materia medica & repertory. New Delhi, India: B. Jain.