An abscess is defined as localized collection of pus results in response to infection or any foreign materials under the skin.
Abscess can occur anywhere in the body, but usually involves skin surface. the affected area may become swollen, inflamed, hot, red, and tender. The individual may also experience fatigue, loss of appetite, weight loss, and alternating bouts of fever and chills. In severe cases, in severe cases, bacterimia (blood infection) and or rupture of the abscess can occur. The material inside abscess consists of living and dead white blood cells, dead tissue, bacteria, and /or toxins.
Classification of the abscess
- Pyogenic abscess – it is the most common form of an abscess. It is subcutaneous, deep or it can occur within the viscera such as liver or kidney.
- Pyaemic abscess – it occurs due to circulation of pyaemic emboli in the blood.
- Cold abscess – usually refers to tubercular abscess either due to involvement of lymph nodes or involvement of spine.
Causes of abscess
They are typically caused by some type of infection or foreign object. Bacterial infections are the most common cause of an abscess, especially an abscess of the skin or mouth.
The infectious organism or foreign body cause an inflammatory response in the body, which promotes the body’s immune system to form a capsule or cavity to contain the infection and prevent it from spreading to the parts of the body. Pus develops inside it and this area begins to expand and causes inflammation of the overlying skin.
The most common bacteria organism responsible for the development of the skin abscess is staphylococcus aureus.
Sign and symptoms of an abscess
Symptoms of an abscess – there is throbbing pain at the site of abscess, which is caused due to pus or pressure on the nerve endings by the pus. Fever with or without chills, rigors can be present.
Signs of an abscess
Signs of an abscess mainly include
- Loss of function
Treatment of an abscess
Incision and drainage under general anesthesia- General anesthesia is preferred because in the presence of infection, local anesthesia may not be sufficient to prevent pain.
Homeopathic treatment of an abscess – Homeopathy is one of the most popular holistic systems of medicine. The selection of remedy is based upon the theory of individualization and symptoms similarity by using holistic approach. This is the only way through which a state of complete health can be regained by removing all the sign and symptoms from which the patient is suffering. The aim of homeopathy is not only to treat abscess but to address its underlying cause and individual susceptibility. As far as therapeutic medication is concerned, several remedies are available to treat abscess that can be selected on the basis of cause, sensations and modalities of the complaints. For individualized remedy selection and treatment, the patient should consult a qualified homeopathic doctor in person. There are following remedies which are helpful in the treatment of abscess:
Belladonna – when the abscess is red in color during the stage of inflammation, blood boils, there is throbbing pain without formation of pus.
Hepar Sulph – it acts well in early stages of pus formation, it stops formation of pus or aborts pus in very less time period. It is indicated when the pus starts coming out from an abscess, when the pus is thick, yellow and the patient is sensitive to touch.
Silicea – it acts better when there is low healing power. The character of pus is thin and watery in indolent ulcers which are hard to heal. The patient is chilly; better in dry and warm weather and worse in wet and cold weather.
Bryonia Alba – in the beginning when the part is red with shining, Stitching pain; worse by slightest motion
Aconite – acts very well when there is abscess with extreme redness and shining, fevers with dry hot skin, worse in warm room evening and night.
Calcaria Carb – abscess when not red but pale and painful
Chamomilla – when the pain is unbearable we can think of this medicine.
Merc Sol – it favors rapid formation of pus, useful for glandular abscess with throbbing pain, worse from warmth of bed.
Fluoric Acid – to form healthy granulations after Silicea
Calcaria Sulph – excellent remedy for abscess which is slow to heal after rupture, with a continues discharge of yellow pus. Patient desires open air but sensitive to drafts. Tendency to the formation of abscess
Pulsatilla – copious, bloody, yellowish or greenish pus, worse after taking rich food, and warmth; better in cold, open air
Calendula - when pus is thick and yellow without inflammation.
Myristica S – it is a remarkable remedy for this condition where abscess on ends of fingers and phalanges.
Stramonium – abscesses with excruciating pain, abscesses in the joints, especially left hip joint.
Lycopodium – abscesses beneath skin, worse from warm applications and warm.
Pyrogenium – for recurring abscess conditions, it acts well to stop the recurrence.
Lachesis – abscess with thin. Offensive and dark pus, bluish in color, sensitive to touch along with burning pain.