Nosebleeds are very common. The nose contains many tiny vessels that bleed easily. Air moving through the nose can dry and irritate the membranes lining the inside of the nose, forming crusts. These crusts bleed when irritated by rubbing, pricking, or blowing the nose.
The lining of the nose is more likely to become dry and irritated from low humidity, allergies, cold, or sinusitis. This, nosebleeds occur more frequently in the winter when viruses are common and heated indoor air dries out the nostrils. A foreign object in the nose or direct impact in the nose can also cause nose bleed.
Sign and symptoms of nosebleed
Blood oozing from the nostrils usually originates in the anterior nose and is bright red. Blood from the back of the throat originates in the posterior area and may be dark or bright red (commonly mistaken for hemoptysis due to expectoration).
Nose bleed is generally unilateral, except when it’s due to dyscresia or severe trauma. In severe cases of nosebleed, blood may seep behind the nasal septum; it may also appear in the middle ear and in the corners of the eyes.
Associated clinical effects depend upon on the severity of bleeding. Moderate blood loss may produce light-headedness, dizziness, and slight respiratory difficulty, severe hemorrhage cause hypotension, rapid and bounding pulse, dyspnoea, and pallor.
Causes of nosebleed
Injury to the nose, breathing dry air, allergies, illness, or for no apparent reason.
Risk factors of nosebleed
- Injury to the nose
- Foreign body in the nose
- Infection to the nose or sinus
- Dryness of mucus membrane
- Bleeding tendencies related to some illnesses
- Allergic rhinitis
- After using certain medications such as anticoagulents, asprin.
- Excessive use of alcohol
- Exposure to irritating chemicals
- Dry climate or high attitude.
Homeopathic treatment of nose bleed
Homeopathy is one of the most popular holistic systems of medicine. The selection of remedy is based upon the theory of individualization and symptoms similarity by using holistic approach. This is the only way through which a state of complete health can be regained by removing all the sign and symptoms from which the patient is suffering. The aim of homeopathy is not only to treat nose bleed but to address its underlying cause and individual susceptibility. As far as therapeutic medication is concerned, several remedies are available to manage nose bleed that can be selected on the basis of cause, sensations and modalities of the complaints. For individualized remedy selection and treatment, the patient should consult a qualified homeopathic doctor in person. There are following remedies which are helpful in the treatment of nose bleed:
Agaricus muscsarius – nose bleed from prolonged deskwork accompanied with dull headache, itching internally and externally with sensation of soreness in the nose; a fetid discharge, dark bloody discharge from the nose, especially in old age.
Phosphorus – nose bleed instead of menses; chronic catarrh with small hemorrhages; handkerchief is always bloody; polypi, bleeding easily; foul imaginary odors; periostitis of nasal bones.
Ammonium carb – nose bleed after washing and after eating; blows bloody mucus from the nose; tip of nose congested; discharge of sharp burning water.
Ambrosia art. – Nose bleeds with a stuffed up feeling in the nose.
Arnica Montana – nose bleed after every fit of coughing, dark fluid blood; nose feel sore.
Cactus – exhausting nose bleed from cardiac affections, as hypertrophy.
Calcaria carb – frequent and profuse nose bleed, almost to faintness, more from right nostril, with obstructed nose, sometimes from disturbed menstruation
Cantharis – nose bleed only in the morning and at no other time.
China – habitual nose bleed, especially in the morning from 6 to 7, and often renewed; repeated loss of blood cause patient to feel weak and anemic; with humming in the ear.
Crocus – discharge from one nostril of very tenacious, thick, stringy black blood, with sweat in large drops on forehead; nose bleed in overgrown, delicate children; periodicity and chronicity; yellowish, sallow color of face; sour taste in mouth.
Crotolus H. – Epistaxis at onset or during course of zymotic or septic disease or in broken-down constitutions with deprived state of blood, which is thin, dark, and does not coagulate.
Erigeron – nose bleeds when violently blown or after a blow; sudden, profuse, while walking.
Ferrum phos – Epistaxis of bright red blood
Glonoinum – nosebleed from sun-heat, face flushed, hot and red; head feels full, large and swollen, congested; amelioration in open air and during sleep.
Ambra gresia – bleeding mostly in the morning and there are crusts of dry blood in the nostrils.
Silicea – noses bleeds when removing hard and dry crusts from the nostrils; nasal bones sensitive.
Hamamelis – when blood is dark red in color.
Thlaspi bursa – nose bleed passive; dull pain at root of nose; free discharge of blood and mucus
Graphites – when preceded by rush of blood to the head and heat of face, frequently repeated, in the evening, at night or in the morning, with running coryza.
Ipecauc – profuse Epistaxis of bright red blood, most harassing itching in nostrils; proceeded by nausea in continuous or intermittent fevers.
Kali carb – nose bleed when washing the face in the morning; ulcerated nostrils; crusty nasal openings.
Kreosote – Epistaxis of thin, bright red blood from both nostrils in the morning, or of thick black blood with foul odor from nose.
Ledum pal – long lasting nose bleed, afterwards sore in upper part of nose, with violent burning; blood pale; distension of veins in gouty patients; valvular affections of the heart
Lycopodium – ulcerated nostrils; profuse nose bleed, followed by frequent blowing of blood from nose; discharge of clotted blood from nose.
Melilotus Alba – must breathe through mouth due to blockage and dryness of the nose associated with profuse Epistaxis.