Dehydration is a condition in which there is excessive water/fluid loss from the body, water level drops upto a certain level which produces abnormal sign and symptoms. Our body requires a certain amount of water or fluid level to perform its normal sensations and functions. If there is decreased intake and increased loss of water or fluid from the body, it results in the condition of dehydration, which ultimately leads to abnormal functioning of the body. In plenty of cases it remains unnoticed, it often comes to notice when there is large amount of water loss from the body. It can be mild, moderate or severe; can occur in any age group.
What causes dehydration?
- Excessive sweating
- Inadequate fluid intake
- Excessive sun exposure
- Excessive dieting
- Increased urine output
Medical conditions which causes dehydration
- Kidney failure
- Cocaine overdose
- Food poisoning
- Ulcerative colitis
- Mercury poisoning
- Pyloric stenosis
- Vibrio infection
- Hypermesis graviderum
- Digestive tract infections
- Heat stroke
- Chemical poisoning
- Amebic dysentery
- Colitis etc
Signs and Symptoms of Dehydration
Dehydration is divided into three stages: 1) mild, 2) moderate and 3) severe
- Mild to moderate dehydration may include the following:
- Thirst is increase
- Mouth feels dry, parched.
- Patient feels Tired or sleepy
- Decreased urine output
- Urine is low volume and more yellowish than normal
- Dry skin
- Dizziness or vertigo, esp on rising
- Few or no tears
- Severe dehydration may include the following:
- Severely decreased urine output or no urine output. The urine, if any, is deep yellow or amber color.
- Dizziness or lightheadedness that does not allow the person to stand or walk normally.
- Orthostatic hypotension; Blood pressure drops when the person tries to stand after lying down
- Rapid heart rate, Tachycardia
- Poor skin elasticity (skin slowly sinks back to its normal position when pinched)
- Lethargy, confusion, or coma
- Seizures or convulsions
Diagnosis entirely depends upon the cause of dehydration. In most cases the diagnosis is clinical. Apart from that Urine Output and Serum Electrolytes are also measured to assess the severity.
Treatment of Dehydration
Rehydration through oral or intravenous route with water and electrolytes, treat the other conditions accordingly.
Homeopathic treatment of dehydration
Homeopathy is one of the most popular holistic systems of medicine. The selection of remedy is based upon the theory of individualization and symptoms similarity by using holistic approach. This is the only way through which a state of complete health can be regained by removing all the sign and symptoms from which the patient is suffering. The aim of homeopathy is not only to treat dehydration but to address its underlying cause and individual susceptibility. As far as therapeutic medication is concerned, several well-proved medicines are available for dehydration treatment that can be selected on the basis of cause, condition, sensation and modalities of the complaints. For individualized remedy selection and treatment, the patient should consult a qualified homeopathic doctor in person. Some important remedies are given below for dehydration treatment:
Camphora, Veratrum album, Cuprum met, Aethusa, Arsenic album, Carbo veg, China, Lachesis, Elaterium, Secale cor, Jatropha, Natrum mur.
Camphora, Veratrum album, Jatropa and China are remedies for dehydration caused by gastroenteritis, especially diarrhoea.
Arsenic alb, Cuprum met and Aethusa have both vomiting and diarrhoea. Aethusa is especially useful in children.
Cuprum met also has cramps with dehydration.
Lachesis, Secale cor, Trillium p and China also cover dehydration after blood loss.
Carbo veg is the remedy for the state of collapse or shock. If the patients faints due to fluid loss, the remedies are China, Acid phos, Trillium p, Carbo veg and Ipecac.
China and Acid phos has pronounced weakness with symptoms of dehydration.
If there is emaciation and weight loss due to chronic dehydration, the remedies to consider are Selenium, China, Lycopodium and Veratrum album.
Headache due to dehydration: Glonine, China.
Apart from the homeopathic remedies, oral or intravenous rehydration should be done and any other underlying medical condition should be treated appropriately.