The uterine corpus contracts promptly after delivery of the placenta, constricting the placental bed, and preventing excessive bleeding. This muscular contraction, rather than coagulation, prevents excessive bleeding from the placental implantation site, when contraction does not occur as expected, the resulting uterine atony leads to post partum hemorrhages.
With placenta previa, the placenta implants in the lower uterine segment, where it encroaches on the internal cervical os. One of the most common causes of bleeding during the second half of pregnancy. If the patient has heavy maternal bleeding and then is diagnosed with placenta previa, the pregnancy must be terminated.
The placenta may cover all or parts of the internal cervical os, or it may gradually overlap the os as the cervix dilates. Complete obstruction is known as total, complete, or central placenta previa.
Partial obstruction is known as incomplete or partial placenta Previa.
Abruptio placentae is defined as the detachment of the placenta from its decidual seat. There are many causes of Abruptio, including maternal vascular disease, trauma from accidents, amniocentesis, uterine anamolies, placenta previa, folic acid deficiency, grand multiparity, and rarely pheochromocytoma.
Sign and symptoms
- Bleeding may be external (vaginal bleeding) or it may be concealed (bleeding remains in the uterus)
- Mild pain or discomfort, or there may be severe pain in the lower abdomen or back.
- Decreased fetal movements
- Hard, tender abdomen. Uterine contractions.
Women with hypermasis gravidarum may present with intractable vomiting in the first trimester of pregnancy. Although nausea and vomiting are common in early pregnancy. Patients with hypermesis gravidarum have persistent, intractable vomiting and may develop weight loss, dehydration, metabolic acidosis and alklosis, hyponatrenia, hypochloremia, and hypokalemia.
Symptoms usually begin at 5 to 6 weeks of gestation, peak at 9 weeks, and abate by 16 to 18 weeks. However, a small percentage of patients continue to have symptoms until delivery.
Preeclapmsia is a condition that occurs only during the later stages of pregnancy. Generally from 24 weeks onward. It can be mild or severe, but if it is left un treated it can quickly develop in to a very dangerous and sometimes fatal condition, eclampsia.
A serious medical condition that can accompany pregnancy preeclampsia is the early stage characterized by high blood pressure, headache, protein in urine, and swelling of legs and feet. If untreated, the patient may develop true eclampsia.
Homeopathic treatment of pregnancy complaints
Homeopathy is one of the most popular holistic systems of medicine. The selection of remedy is based upon the theory of individualization and symptoms similarity by using holistic approach. This is the only way through which a state of complete health can be regained by removing all the sign and symptoms from which the patient is suffering. The aim of homeopathy is not only to treat pregnancy complaints but to address its underlying cause and individual susceptibility. As far as therapeutic medication is concerned, several remedies are available to treat pregnancy complaints that can be selected on the basis of cause, sensations and modalities of the complaints. For individualized remedy selection and treatment, the patient should consult a qualified homeopathic doctor in person. There are following remedies which are helpful in the treatment of pregnancy complaints:
Ipecauc, Nux Vomica, Sabina, Sepia, Veratrum Album, Secale Cor, Cantharis, Belladonna, Gelsemium, Kali Carb, Pulsatilla, Phosphorous, Caulophyllum, Platina, Crocus Sativus, Carbo Veg, Cuprum Met, Aconite, Bryonia, Agaricus, Coffea, Cimicifuga, Arnica, Rhus Tox, Lac Can, Hypericum, and many other medicines.