Common complaints during and after pregnancy
The uterine corpus contracts promptly after delivery of the placenta, constricting the placental bed, and preventing excessive bleeding. This muscular contraction, rather than coagulation, prevents excessive bleeding from the placental implantation site, when contraction does not occur as expected, the resulting uterine atony leads to post partum hemorrhages.
With placenta previa, the placenta implants in the lower uterine segment, where it encroaches on the internal cervical os. One of the most common causes of bleeding during the second half of pregnancy. If the patient has heavy maternal bleeding and then is diagnosed with placenta previa, the pregnancy must be terminated.
The placenta may cover all or parts of the internal cervical os, or it may gradually overlap the os as the cervix dilates. Complete obstruction is known as total, complete, or central placenta previa.
Partial obstruction is known as incomplete or partial placenta Previa.
Abruptio placentae is defined as the detachment of the placenta from its decidual seat. There are many causes of Abruptio, including maternal vascular disease, trauma from accidents, amniocentesis, uterine anamolies, placenta previa, folic acid deficiency, grand multiparity, and rarely pheochromocytoma.
Sign and symptoms
- Bleeding may be external (vaginal bleeding) or it may be concealed (bleeding remains in the uterus)
- Mild pain or discomfort, or there may be severe pain in the lower abdomen or back.
- Decreased fetal movements
- Hard, tender abdomen. Uterine contractions.
Women with hypermasis gravidarum may present with intractable vomiting in the first trimester of pregnancy. Although nausea and vomiting are common in early pregnancy. Patients with hypermesis gravidarum have persistent, intractable vomiting and may develop weight loss, dehydration, metabolic acidosis and alklosis, hyponatrenia, hypochloremia, and hypokalemia.
Symptoms usually begin at 5 to 6 weeks of gestation, peak at 9 weeks, and abate by 16 to 18 weeks. However, a small percentage of patients continue to have symptoms until delivery.
Preeclapmsia is a condition that occurs only during the later stages of pregnancy. Generally from 24 weeks onward. It can be mild or severe, but if it is left un treated it can quickly develop in to a very dangerous and sometimes fatal condition, eclampsia.
A serious medical condition that can accompany pregnancy preeclampsia is the early stage characterized by high blood pressure, headache, protein in urine, and swelling of legs and feet. If untreated, the patient may develop true eclampsia.
Homeopathic treatment of pregnancy complaints
Homeopathy is one of the most popular holistic systems of medicine. The selection of remedy is based upon the theory of individualization and symptoms similarity by using holistic approach. This is the only way through which a state of complete health can be regained by removing all the sign and symptoms from which the patient is suffering. The aim of homeopathy is not only to treat pregnancy complaints but to address its underlying cause and individual susceptibility. As far as therapeutic medication is concerned, several remedies are available to treat pregnancy complaints that can be selected on the basis of cause, sensations and modalities of the complaints. For individualized remedy selection and treatment, the patient should consult a qualified homeopathic doctor in person. There are following remedies which are helpful in the treatment of pregnancy complaints:
Homeopathic remedies for the treatment of Pregnancy – Morning sickness…
Abnormal hunger with faint feeling, swimming tipsy sensation; craves pickles; she feels as if the womb were soft and feeble.
Sour belching and vomiting during pregnancy, with profuse water brash and salivation, day and night, sensation as if an ulcer were in the stomach, giving great uneasiness; intense thirst, passing a large quantity of urine and great prostration.
Obstinate vomiting during pregnancy; obstinate indigestion, with much debility; excessive nausea and disgust for food, least food causes distress in stomach; frequent attacks of fainting with vertigo; constant sleepiness with emaciation; constipation.
Morning nausea, with empty feeling in stomach; vomiting of ingesta which gives relief; nausea (<) before and after eating, (>) while eating or after vomiting food; weak digestion, with fulness and distension of abdomen.
Persistent vomiting with convulsions; milky-white tongue (Kali mur) and eructations tasting of ingesta; derangements from overloading stomach; desire for acids.
Sensation as if stomach would burst with wind, head feels expanded, both (>) by belching; nausea after each meal, most after dinner; vomiting of sour; bitter, yellow, green tough fluid.
Vomiting after eating and drinking, and at night, of green or black matter; cold water seems to lie on stomach, although great desire for it; burning pains in praecordium and anguish; burning pains in stomach. bowels and breasts; great weakness and exhausting diarrhoea; (>) by motion; food is relished but leaves a bitter taste in mouth; aversion to meats and desire for fruits and vegetables; coldness and restlessness.
During first months of pregnancy the stomach rejects everything; constant nausea with loathing of food and a perfectly clean tongue; constant chilly feeling even in a warm room; nervous hyperaesthesia, even scratching of linen of silk in insupportable; constant desire to urinate.
She dreads all downward motion; bitter taste of everything, even of saliva; distension with flatulency at every meal.
Vomiting with great prostration, warm surface; flatulency; white tongue, restless, moving about with anxiety.
Morning sickness, VOMITS ONLY WATER (>) after breakfast; sensation as if she had a lump of ice in stomach; voluptuous sensation in genitals.
Nausea and vomiting (<) from motion and after eating, with relief from keeping quiet; dry lips, mouth and tongue, with thirst; splitting headache; (<) from sitting up, even in bed, during warm weather and from warm food.
Persistent and exhausting vomiting with severe gastric irritation, (<) at every motion, excessive nausea, gagging and retching, the least touch brings on vomiting, (<) afternoon.
Vomiting with violent retching and severe colic; burning at pylorus; disgust for drink and food; mammae painful; dysuria.
Vomiting of pregnant women, with frantic headache and irritability; nausea early in morning; dull aching, uneasy feeling in stomach; torpor of bowels.
NAUSEA FELT IN HEAD; inclination to vomit in morning on attempting to rise, with tendency to faint; (<) from riding in carriage or sailing; yellow tongue; aversion to food.
Constant nausea felt in throat; sleeplessness, excitable disposition, intolerance of pains, etc.
Great sensitiveness to the smell of food; indifferent to surroundings, fretful; face flushed, faint aching about navel as if she must eat, but with loathing and disgust for food at the thought, sight or smell of it; all attempts to eat caust violent nausea and vomiting. Albuminuria, CANNOT STAND ERECT OR LIE DOWN WITH STRETCHED-OUT LEGS WITHOUT VOMITING, has to flex knees crouch together for relief.
Nausea, vomiting with cramplike pains and heat in stomach; OBSTINATE CONSTIPATION.
Nausea only or worse while lying down; terrible nausea in vomiting in women suffering from scirrhosities, the vomited matter white and frothy or looking like coffee-grounds; swelling or soreness of breasts, especially when it has been habitual during menses; intermittent urination; eructations and heartburn.
Nausea when raising head from pillow in the morning, (>) after vomiting a clear substance like phlegm.
Constant nausea, vomits everything; very weak, pulse full and quick; spasmodic uterine pains.
Frequent vomiting, attended by agonizing and long-continued pain and retching; frequent cramps in limbs; great mental restlessness night and day.
Wants no breakfast; after eating the least quantity, nausea and disgust for food in mouth and throat; feels as if brain were in motion when leaning against something; vertigo, objects turn in a circle about her; dimness of vision, with fiery sparks before eyes; intermittent thirst; greasy taste, and fat food disagrees; nocturnal flatulency from atony of bowels, causing distention, (<) by getting up and walking about.
Vomiting of food, with a fiery-red; vomiting renewed after eating, and what she vomits tastes sour and acrid; vomiting of blood; nervous erethism.
Vomiting of food undigested, sooner or later after eating, vomiting of food, with sour fluid; vomiting of bright-red blood, with tendency to from a gelatinous mass; SUDDENLY LEAVES TABLE AND WITH ONE EFFORT VOMITS UP THE AND THEN SETS DOWN AND EATS AGAIN.
Great distress, weakness and marked prostration; nausea before breakfast; useful in very bad cases where miscarriage is threatened; nausea from least motion in morning soon after waking, with distress in pit of stomach; and immediately on raising head, retching and violent efforts to vomit at first very little comes up, except wind, with a loud noise, soon saliva and some thick fluid are discharged and occasionally a little bilious matter, but rarely and ingesta, followed by faintness (Cocc.).
Prolonged nausea in the morning, with anxiety, chilliness and faintness, watery vomiting with salivation and constant spitting; vomiting of food and especially drinks; good appetite in spite of the vomiting.
Subacute gastritis with burning pains; vomiting and salivation; pain in back (<) at night; cannot bear pressure of dress.
Great emptiness;; qualmishness and weakness in region of stomach, with flat taste; distention of abdomen after eating; hiccough; sour eructations; frequent regurgitation of food and of bitter liquid; vomiting at night of food taken in the evening; EMPTY RETCHING, RELIEVED BY EATING; SALIVATION; copious lemon- colored urine; clavus hystericus.
OBSTINATE, VIOLENT, INCESSANT vomiting of food and bile, preceded by nausea, and though appetite keeps up, emaciation increases.
One continual sense of nausea all the time; vomiting fluids and solids in an undigested state; vomiting of large quantities of mucus; bilious vomiting; diarrhoea and colic; desire for dainties and sweets or averse to all food; stomach feels relaxed; nausea with salivation and hiccough; foul breath; distended abdomen; sleepy after vomiting, (<) from stooping.
CONSTANT AND PROFUSE FLOW OF ROPY SALIVA, so tenacious that it would hang together; burning in mouth and oesophagus; nausea and vomiting of sour fluid or bitter; white tongue, severe headache, despondency.
(Pilocarpin). Nausea, loathing of food, coated tongue, vomiting; profuse and constant salivation; CONSTANT SPITTING BY DAY AND LOSS OF SLEEP AT NIGHT, from the profuse secretion running down throat; she feels weak and nervous.
CONSTANT hacking cough proceeding from chest during pregnancy, followed by vomiting of mucus and food, (<) by night and when lying down.
NAUSEA WITHOUT VOMITING, coming on only during a walk, feeling as if she could lie down anywhere and die; swoonlike failure of strength while vomiting, very sleep while eating; aching in back of pregnant women, with sense of weakness there; stitching pains in abdomen.
Vomiting of sweetish water or mucus before breakfast, and dinner being retained; vomiting after supper.
Nausea and vomiting of sour substance; sour taste; no desire for breakfast, food seems to come up almost to the mouth, faintness in stomach; waterbrash of hot sour fluid; hot, acrid eructations which burn from stomach to mouth; NAUSEA RELIEVED BY BREAKFAST; diarrhoea; copious salivation.
Vomiting of mucus and food; gulping up of sour fluid after a meal; nausea in attacks, in attacks, weakness, dyspnoea, palpitation, cold sweat; eructations, which relieve.
(Hydrocyanic acid). Disgust for food; dry mouth and thirst; clean tongue; loss of appetite; hiccough; nausea and vomiting; violent pain in stomach, with loss of speech; contractive feeling in stomach and cutting pains in abdomen; fluid taken rolls audibly through stomach and abdomen.
VOMITING FROM MALPOSITIONS OF UTERUS; frequent, hawking mucus from throat; hollow, empty sensation in stomach bowels; skin of abdomen feels stretched and stiff; constant desire to urinate, with scanty discharge; haemorrhoids.
Vomiting with profuse flow of saliva; frequent gulping up of burning sour fluid; nausea (<) at night and after sleeping, (>) by a little food or drink and in some cases (<) from food and drink; faintishness; after vomiting breaks out in a sweat, followed by a sensation as of needles pricking her all over; asthmatic sufferings.
Desire for sweets and craving for food, the more he eats, the more he craves; headache if she does not eat; thirst with disgust for drinks; everything tastes sour; vomits sour fluid, bile and food, or blood in clots and dark-greenish masses after eating or drinking.
Morning nausea; vomiting of food; profuse, constant waterbrash, like limpid mucus. Obstinate cases, with loss of appetite and taste; great hunger, as if stomach were empty, but no appetite; heartburn after eating; headache on awaking in the morning; palpitation; dreams of robbers in house, which must be searched for to satisfy her whim.
NAUSEA AND GASTRIC TROUBLE BETTER MOVING ABOUT OR RIDING IN CARRIAGE; nausea and burning in throat and stomach; urine ammoniacal, strong and offensive.
Nausea in early morn, with fainting; vomiting after eating or thinks she would feel better if she could vomit; food and drink smell bad to her, cannot bear the smell of tobacco; bitter or sour taste, belching, eructations, hiccough and heartburn; vomiting of a sticky mucus and a sour fluid; restless sleep, particularly after 3 A.M.; great depression and irritability, wants to be left alone; longing for alcoholic stimulants; constipation.
APPLICABLE TO ALL GASTRIC TROUBLES OF PREGNANT WOMEN; vomiting of bile; aversion to fat food and meat: (<) when riding in carriage; dizziness and stupefaction after a slight meal; dimness of sight; constant and profuse collection of fluid in mouth, with frequent spitting and nausea; diarrhoea only in daytime.
Very sleepy, especially after dinner; sour eructations and vomiting of food, of sour matter, of blood; long, narrow, hard stool, difficult to expel, or profuse diarrhoea; sight of water makes her vomit.
Soreness of uterus and abdominal walls; vomiting evening or right of green, slimy, bilious masses, excessively bad taste in mouth in morning; nausea and colic after vomiting, followed by diarrhoea of changeable stools, of white, green or yellow mucus; repugnance to water; eructations tasting of the food recently taken; salivation.
Putrid taste after the first mouthful; eructations and nausea with inclination to vomit; cramps in legs at night very severe; no appetite, or hunger without appetite.
No relish for food till she takes the first morsel, then she makes a good meal; horrid burning in stomach, as if it would burn up into the throat; sweetish taste; frequent spitting of insipid water.
Vomiting of milky water or mucus; sense of emptiness in pit of stomach; thought of food sickens her; taste as of manure; aversion to meat and bread; morning nausea; vomiting of food or bile, finally even blood; before pregnancy uterine anomalies, with yellowish or purulent; leucorrhoea; morning sickness, reflex hard, tumefied cervix.
Qualmishness and vomiting in women whose menses were always accompanied by palpitation; taste of blood in the morning; nausea, with palpitation of heart after every exercise that raises the temperature of body; aversion to meat; constipation; great weakness at night; pressure at pit of stomach; nausea after lying down; frequent sour or loud eructations; vomiting after every drink; NERVOUS exhaustion.
Extreme hunger even when the stomach is full; sensation as if the stomach were hanging down relaxed; constant accumulation of water in mouth; sensitiveness to mental impressions.
Profuse salivation, the taste of which causes nausea and spells of vomiting; flushes of heat; aversion to meat, and craving for brandy.
CONSTANT PROFUSE FLOW OF WATERY SALIVA; every vomiting commences with coughing, ending in retching and vomiting; throat and stomach sensitive to touch; great thirst, (>) by drinking hot water, (<) by cold water, which feels cold in stomach.
Qualmishness with indifference to food; deathly nausea; violent retching, continuous vomiting; DISGUST AT THE SIGHT, SMELL OR THOUGHT OF FOOD; most comfortable while lying on back.
Nausea with deathly faintness and pallor of face, (>) by going into open air; nausea on beginning to move; vomiting of water, of acid liquids or mucus; rapid emaciation; cold sweat.
Loss of appetite; intense thirst; vomiting after eating or getting out of bed; general prostration; craving for raw food.
(Antimonium tart.). Vomiting of large quantities of mucus in the most violent manner; belching and disgust for food; nausea, salivation.
Violent retching and frothy vomiting of food and bile; cold sweat on forehead; craves fruit and juicy articles of food; wants everything cold; craving for acids and salt food; canine hunger; feels very weak and faint.
Taste to blood in mouth and terrible heartburn after taking sweets, with dyspnoea and apparent stricture of oesophagus; greediness when eating, she cannot eat fast enough; fidgety feet.
Abdomen feels heavy, cannot walk much.
Pain and weakness in sacro-iliac region when walking.
Frequent palpitations, with sensation as if heart were standing still, gradually passing into an irregular, violent throbbing, disappearing after a few months, (<) lying on back.
Sensation as if foetus lay crosswise; pain between crest or right ilium and sacrum.
Swelling, itching and burning of vagina, with discharge like gonorrhoea.
Pains of a crampy nature.
Sharp pains across abdomen, stimulating false labor-pain.
Muscles do not obey the will, she cannot walk with safety.
Pains from back into buttocks and thighs, threatening abortion.
Lancinating pains in mammae, running down the arms; breasts bluish, with blackish streaks.
During early months of gestation she can only lie on abdomen, sensation as if womb and foetus lay too low.
Sensation of want of room in uterus and abdomen for foetus.
Intensely sore mouth, with hot burning, sour eructations; burning in stomach, extending up oesophagus to throat and mouth, (<) when taking food or drink.
Cramps and contractions of extremities.
Congestive headache or neuralgic, with vertigo on rising up in bed, stitching, throbbing toothache from taking cold, after coffee.
Headache (with constipation), (>) by lying quietly in bed; throbbing, stitching frontal headache with nausea, (<) going upstairs or stooping; toothache radiating to other parts, as larynx, neck, shoulders.
Jumping toothache in left upper molars, (<) when involuntarily biting teeth together; swelling, redness and bleeding of gums, with stinging and sore pains.
Periodical toothache, mostly at night, when it becomes worse, she is unable to remain, in bed, must get up.
Congestive headache with flushed face and injected eye-balls, (<) from noise or light; toothache as if caused by ulceration, (<) when lying down at night, by touch or in cold air; mostly on right side, extending to eye, with moaning and weeping.
Headache with constipation and bilious symptoms, (<) by perfect rest; nausea on rising in bed; pains in sound teeth, shooting from tooth to tooth, and in head and cheek, (<) while eating, especially warm food, and from warmth in general.
Throbbing headache every morning, lasting all day, (<) ascending, talking, walking, from talking cold, (>) from tight bandaging, lying down and closing eyes. Toothache in hollow teeth, around loose stumps, with sore, easily bleeding, painful gums, (<) from slightest change of air, whether warm or cold, from drinking anything warm or cold, noise excitement (Calcarea fluor.); cramps in soles and toes of feet.
Jerking pains in teeth render her frenzied, (<) from taking anything warm in mouth, especially coffee; red shining swelling of gums; red check; pain in a whole row of teeth, bun unable to decide on any one in particular.
Periodic neuralgia; pains excessive, from left to right, chiefly infraorbital and maxillary branches, (<) contact, draughts of air, lying down and in the night.
Pains set in daily at same hour, otherwise well.
Neuralgic headaches over, in and behind eyes extending to occiput; fulness, heat and throbbing in head, (>) in open air.
Hemicrania, often from constipation; agonizing toothache, (>) by holding ice or ice-water in the mouth.
Tensive tearing pain, with heat and swelling, especially left side; constriction and pressing in left malar bone extending into eye, (>) touch, motion; (>) perfect rest and external heat; frequent attacks of colic, doubling up the patient.
General nervous excitement, or weak and trembling; pains in paroxysms and dart through jaws and face; congestion of head and face, she gets blind before the headache.
Violent tearing and pulsating pains, causing spasmodic jerks of fingers, hands, arms, facial muscles; spasms in throat; delirium from pain.
Periodical migraine, as if a nail were forced into the temple; jaws feel as if crushed; boring pain in front teeth.
Excessive right-sided faceache, especially between eye and nose; pain over right eye, with vertigo; neuralgia every afternoon, getting worse at night; pressing toothache in molars in the evening with or without prosopalgia.
Drawing, tensive pain in carious tooth extending to temple.
Insupportable pain during repose, she must get up and walk about (Magn. phos.).
Teeth feel sore to touch, elongated, as if loose, (<) while eating; gums swollen, sensitive; foul breath, (<) at night in bed, by cold drinks and cold air.
Pains extend to bones of face and temples, with chilliness; pains come quickly and leave parts numb.
Pains in front teeth on inhaling cool air or taking warm drinks, as if teeth were wrenched out, going from right to left; women with cool dry skin who do not perspire.
Headache every morning on waking, after eating and in open air; intermittent neuralgia of face; pains spread from carious tooth into sound ones, (<) from cold air, at night.
Congestive headaches with constipation,, unsteady look, thirst, dry mouth, sour eructations, nausea, acute hearing at night.
Headache from mental exhaustion; drawing, tearing pains in jaws; root of nose, temples and eyes; jerking and twitching toothache; dental periosteum inflamed and tender.
Shooting, tearing neuralgia in left jaw, extending into ear; toothache, soreness of sound teeth while eating, and rapid decay of teeth.
Migraine, (<) night, while at rest, (>) open air and from bandaging head; toothache, with much swelling of face, (>) from cold food and drink and fresh air; chilliness of whole body.
Toothache, (<) lying down, must get up and walk about (Magn. carb.)
Rheumatic toothache, especially from getting wet, (<) from head to face.
Migraine with aversion to all food and an empty, gone feeling in pit of stomach, nausea and vomiting; drawing in upper molars, in hollow tooth, extending into ear; early decay of teeth; gums painful, dark-red, bleeding from slightest touch.
Left-sided headache and neuralgia, involving eyeball and orbit, beginning at sunrise and decreasing by sunset, even in cloudy weather; (>) by firm pressure.
Teeth turn black, become carious and brittle; sensitive to mental and physical impressions.
Periodic right-sided headache and neuralgia with vertigo, (<) from slightest pressure.