Diabetes is a serious, long term medical condition characterized by high levels of glucose in the blood. In this condition body is not able to control the amount of glucose in the blood; glucose is needed by the body to produce energy, but too much glucose leads to serious problems. Glucose levels are mainly controlled by a hormone known as “insulin”, which is produced in the pancreas, in the condition of diabetes either not enough insulin is produced or the body is unable to use the insulin that is produced.
- Polyuria – increase in frequency of urination.
- Polyphagia – increase in appetite, patient takes large meals.
- Polydipsia – excessive thirst.
- Weight loss – due to defective metabolism
- Weakness – this is a very common complaint in diabetes
- Drowsiness – A condition in which a person feels sleepiness and tiredness or fatigue.
- Other symptoms – include blurring of vision (diabetic retinopathy), pruritus vulva (itching) in females, tingling and numbness of hands and foot (diabetic neuropathy), loss of libido or erectile dysfunction, skin ulcers, dehydration, muscular cramps, irritability, fatigue, headache, urinary tract infections, recurring boils etc.
There are some major complications of diabetes which involve diabetic ketoacidosis, diabetic foot, diabetes retinopathy; diabetic neuropathy.
There are two main type of diabetes
Type 1 Diabetes
It is also called insulin dependent diabetes, usually starts in childhood or as a young adult. People with this type of diabetes produce little to no insulin.
Causes of Type 1 Diabetes
In this type, there is little or no insulin production of insulin. It is one of the autoimmune disorders in which immune system mistakenly attacks the body itself (insulin producing beta cells in the pancreas) with unknown reason. Factors such as viral infection or an injury to the pancreas may play an important role.
TYPE 1 DIABETES can be caused due to various causes which include:
- Genetic susceptibility
- Environmental factors like certain strains of viruses can cause diabetes
- Exposure to cow’s milk or milk products in early stage of life can induce diabetes
- Destruction of beta cells etc.
Sign and Symptoms of Type 1 Diabetes
- Excessive thirst
- Frequent urination
- Weakness and fatigue
- Weight loss
- Itching around the genitals
- Impaired or blurred vision
Type 2 diabetes
Usually starts in adults, although the number of children suffering from it is increasing. Those with this type of diabetes produce some insulin, but not enough, and the whole body cannot properly use it or the peripheral cellular receptors for insulin are deficient.
Cause of Type 2 Diabetes
There may be appropriate production of insulin by pancreas but body is unable to utilize it effectively results in to insulin resistance, insulin production decreases and glucose builds up in the blood.
Risk factors of type 2 diabetes
- Family history of diabetes
- Increased weight
- Metabolic disturbances
- Imbalanced cholesterol and triglyceride levels
- Polycystic ovarian disease
Sign and Symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes
- Excessive thirst
- General ill feeling
- Frequent urination
- Blurredness of vision
- Patient becomes prone to various infections
- Slow heeling of damaged tissues
Diagnosis of Diabetes
Diagnosis is mainly done by estimating blood glucose level in which fasting plasma glucose and random plasma glucose is important. Postparandial blood sugar (2 hours after a meal) is also measured. Other tests include glucose tolerance test (GTT), urine sugar test, Glycated Hemoglobin (HbA1C) and other tests to detect complications of diabetes.
Homeopathic Treatment of Diabetes
Homeopathy is one of the most popular holistic systems of medicine. The selection of remedy is based upon the theory of individualization and symptoms similarity by using holistic approach. This is the only way through which a state of complete health can be regained by removing all the sign and symptoms from which the patient is suffering. The aim of homeopathy is not only to treat the disease, but to address its underlying cause and individual susceptibility. As far as therapeutic medication is concerned, several remedies are available to treat diabetes that can be selected on the basis of cause, sensations and modalities of the complaints. For individualized remedy selection and treatment, the patient should consult a qualified homeopathic doctor in person. There are following homeopathic remedies which are helpful in the treatment of diabetes:
Acetic acid – it is an excellent medicine for diabetes insipidus; complaints with intense thirst; great prostration and emaciation; skin dry, pale and waxy; dropsy with thirst; oedema of legs and feet.
Arsenic album – persistent unquenchable thirst, desire to drink water in small quantities and short interval, dry mouth; itching of whole body.
Calcarea carb – copious, frequent urine, which is sour and odorless or sour or pungent, great thirst for cold drinks; great tendency to take cold.
Belladonna – urine more than patient drinks; bladder region is sensitive to motion and jar; nocturnal enuresis; dry mouth, lips, and throat with thirst; sweat absent; urine pale, watery, frequent, retained with difficulty.
Cannabis indica – profuse urination; has to wait for sometime before urine flows, and must force out the last drops with hands; sensation as if drops were falling from the heart; sensation as if anus and a part of urethra were filled up by a hard round ball; mouth and throat dry with intense thirst.
Causticum – urine involuntary when coughing, sneezing, and blowing the nose; thirst for cold water and beer, usually with aversion to drink; polyuria.
Helonias – profuse, clear, light colored urine; contains amorphous phosphate, with low specific gravity; bitter taste in mouth with dry tongue and fauces; feeling of weakness and weight in renal region; numbness of feet. it is an excellent remedy for both diabetes mellitus and insipidus where complaints are associated with great, thirst, melancholy and restlessness.
Merc sol – persistent unquenchable thirst though the mouth and tongue are moist and salivated. Desire for sweets. Excessive perspiration.
Natrum mur – unquenchable thirst with polyuria; skin cold; loss of appetite; sleep disturbed or lost; urine escapes involuntary when urinate; passes urine very frequently almost every hour at night.
Phosphoric acid – debility from loss of vital fluids; urination frequent and profuse; intense thirst with dryness of mouth and throat; passes urine several time at night only; urine thick like milk, or lime water with whitish sediments, with stringy bloody lumps, skin of face feels tense as if white of egg.
Diabetes of nervous patients; excellent remedy for stress induced diabetes; physical soreness due grief, debility form loss of animal fluids; dryness of mouth and throat with frequent Micturation and intense thirst; abundant sugar in urine; extreme prostration; pale, waxy skin; gangrenous ulcer; chyluria or thick milk like urine; bad effects from grief, anguish, and disappointed love.
Argentum nitricum – frequent and profuse urination; may be passed unconsciously, day and night, dribbling of urine, urine may or may not contain sugar.
Argentum met – fetid taste in mouth; great weakness and emaciation; profuse turbid sweetish urine
Squilla maritima – urine is passed several times day and night; much urging to urinate, involuntary spurting of urine while coughing or sneezing.
Kali carb – pressure in the bladder long before patient passes urine; frequent urination day night.
Uranium nitricum – diabetes due to defective assimilation; digestion weak, debility, and much sugar in urine, great thirst, polyuria, dryness of tongue, diabetes originating in dyspepsia, violent appetite even when the stomach is full; digestion weak; defect in assimilation.
Picric acid – copious urination, copious discharge of urine; feet cold, chilly, cannot get warm; great thirst for cold water; eyes feel dry as if full of dry sand; lack of will power to do anything; great sexual desire with emissions; urine contains sugar and albumin.
Syzygium jambolinum– one of the best remedies for blood sugar, patient passes urine in large quantities; great thirst. Often mother tincture is used.
Terebinthina – Albuminuria; frequent urination; foul breath; hunger and thirst with debility; tongue dry and red; dullness of mind; burning of stomach and hypochondria; lips cracked and bleeding; sunken features.
Phosphorous – glycosuria, with phthisis; profuse urination, urine pale and watery, turbid, whitish like curdled milk gouty diathesis.
Diet and exercise play a very important role to control diabetes along with medication.